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Anna K. Jarstad is Associate professor at the Department of Government, with a focus on International Politics. Her master course Taming Violent Conflict: Peacebuilding, Democratisation, and Development runs from January to March. She is also member of the Academic Senate at Uppsala University.
Jarstad is co-editor of From War to Democracy: Dilemmas of Peacebuilding (Cambridge University Press, 2008) and the special issue “Introducing Hybrid Peace Governance: Impact and Prospects of Liberal Peacebuilding”, Global Governance, 2012, Vol. 18, No. 1. Her research focuses on the nexus of democratization and peacebuilding in war-torn societies, especially in Afghanistan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Cyprus, Kosovo, Macedonia, and South Africa. She specializes in power sharing as a form of conflict management and has led a quantitative data collection on power sharing (IMPACT) with Desirée Nilsson and Ralph Sundberg and has conducted several case studies.
She is currently working on several projects. The main current project is Introducing democracy from the outside? which seeks to investigate the question: ”When do international and local initiatives of democratization reinforce each other?”. The project includes several case studies on external democracy promotion, as well as local initiatives to improve governance. A PhD student, Anna Ida Norén, began her work within the project in September 2014.
Another current research project deals with the causes and consequences of political violence in South Africa. One output is the article “Towards Electoral Security: Experiences from KwaZulu-Natal” (with Kristine Höglund), 2011. Africa Spectrum. Vol. 33 No.59, pp. 33-35.
A previous project (led by Louise Olsson) focused on “Opportunities and Obstacles: local Ownership of Development and Stability in Northern Afghanistan”. While the donor community has long stressed the importance of local actors for sustainable development, local ownership is now also employed by international peace operations in order to obtain security and democracy. The purpose of this project was to analyze international efforts to promote development and stability through local ownership.
Anna Jarstad leads the research program Varieties of Peace at Umeå University.
What type of peace is reached after peace processes? How can we explain different varieties of peace? These are questions that will be investigated in an eight-year research program funded by Riksbanken Jubileumsfond, Sweden.
We believe that we need a better understanding of what peace is and how it can be studied. Peace processes have often been studied during shorter time periods, usually in lessons-learned evaluations five years after the end of the conflict, departing from theories on conflict. The research program Varieties of Peace instead departs from understandings of peace, its variations in terms of quality and features, and perceives of peace as a dynamic societal process of change. It aims at investigating the long-term consequences of peace processes that begun during the 1990s. In ten sub-projects peace processes are investigated and explained with regard to variations, internal dynamic and results during a longer course of time.
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