doctoral/PhD student at Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social medicine/CHAP
I am a district nurse and a PhD-student at the Department of Women's and Children's Health. My research will be a part of the Children and Parents in Focus Trial – a study on children aged 3 to 5 in Uppsala county. The survey is conducted at child health care centres and preschools and is intended to investigate the health and well being of children and parents, and whether their health can be improved with different forms of municipal parental support and child health care services.
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Sweden is one of the countries with the best child health statistics in the world. Yet, there is a lack of data on the mental health of preschool aged children. Child healthcare lacks evidence-based methods to identify behavioural problems among children. A new procedure was therefore introduced to assess children through parent- and preschool teacher reports using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). The aim of the doctoral project is to evaluate the introduction of the new method. The doctoral project comprises four sub-trials:
The first study aimed to explore the experiences of nurses, preschool teachers and parents in assessing children using the new method. Semi-structured interviews with nurses at child health centres, preschool teachers and parents of 3-, 4- and 5-year-old children were collected and analysed.
In the second study the degree of differences between how mothers, fathers and pre-school teachers rate the children’s behaviour and social skills according to the SDQ-questionnaires is measured within the regular child health care.
The aim of the third study is to study if there is a correlation between 3-, 4- and 5-years old children’s physical and mental health and the parent’s own health and engagement in their children.
In order to investigate the clinical value of the new routine the forth study will investigate: (1) if the new routine has resulted in a change regarding the number of children that are referred to specialists e.g. speech therapists, psychologists, physicians, and (2) if these referrals have led to additional visits within primary health care, diagnosis and/or medical prescriptions more often than referrals of children who do not participate in the information transfer.
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