David Ekstam

doktorand vid Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Affilierade

Östra Ågatan 19
753 22 Uppsala
Box 514
751 20 UPPSALA

Kort presentation

PhD candidate in political science, department of Government, Uppsala University.

My research is broadly situated within the field of political socialization, combining political psychology, political sociology, and political culture.

Specifically, my research interest is in attitude stability, change, and crystallization at the individual level, with a special focus on how aging affects attitudes. Why people have different views on politics and morality, why some people trust and tolerate while other do not are truly intriguing questions. I believe these questions only can be understood through the lens of political socialization.

At the aggregate level of analysis, this translates into an interest of cultural change and political generations, as well as cross-country variation. Why do attitudes differ across time, between countries, and over generations? How does mass-level value change occur and how can we assess this from a methodological point of view? In an increasingly interconnected and fast moving world and in the face of large scale migration, these questions are key.

My dissertation project is anchored in political socialization and zooms in on political tolerance in general and homophobia in specific. This project is constituted by three separate empirical studies.

In the first study, I look at temporal change in American public opinion towards homosexuality, employing over four decades of attitudinal survey data in an age-period-cohort analysis. The main contribution of this paper is methodological, rather than substantial, however. Compared to previous research, I take a much more critical stance towards the so-called APC identification problem, arguing that inference on linear trends in age, period, and cohort effects is highly sensitive to how the statistical model is constrained in order to enable identification. Fitting various models used by prior research, I demonstrate that radically different trends across time and generation is estimated depending on constraint, explaining why findings of previous research diverge.

In the second study (under progress), I look at differences in tolerance of homosexuality across countries and within countries over time, drawing upon European Social Survey data and multilevel modelling. This paper zooms in on the effect of education, testing theories on diffusion across both time and generation.

In the third study (under progress), I address the question of crystallization of homophobia, testing strength, consistency, stability, and predicting power over the lifespan using both cross-sectional and panel data.

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David Ekstam
Senast uppdaterad: 2021-03-09