Organisation och personal

Berrit Kiehl

doktorand vid Institutionen för ekologi och genetik, Evolutionsbiologi

E-post:
Berrit.Kiehl[AT-tecken]ebc.uu.se
Telefon:
018-471 2837
Besöksadress:
Evolutionsbiologiskt Centrum
Norbyv. 18D
75236 Uppsala
Postadress:
Evolutionsbiologiskt Centrum, Norbyv. 18D
75236 Uppsala

Kort presentation

Detta stycke finns inte på svenska, därför visas den engelska versionen.

My main interest lies in the detection of mechanisms/ genetic processes behind evolutionary adaptations. I am working on the revealing of genetic & environmental contribution in behaviour and phenotypic variation in responses to different env. conditions. Regarding the behavioural aspect of adaptation, I am also interested in sexual selection and to what extent this triggers evolution and adaptations.

This summer I started my PhD education with Simone Immler on sperm-mediated epigenetic effects.

Mina kurser

Biografi

Detta stycke finns inte på svenska, därför visas den engelska versionen.

PHD-Project: Sperm-mediated epigenetic effects

I recently started my PhD education at the Evolutionary Biology Center of Uppsala University in Sweden (15.08.2013) with a project investigating sperm mediated epigenetic effects. The aim of my PhD project is to assess where in the sperm the trigger for this mechanism lies and how this is transferred into the offspring. The experiments will be conducted with the zebrafish as a model organism. This is an ideal study system, as its entire genome is sequenced, many genes are annotated and it has external fertilization allowing in vitro fertilization assays.

 

Projects I participate(d) in:

1) Limited gene flow may enhance adaptation to local optima in isolated populations of Roesel’s bush cricket (Metrioptera roeselii)

This project focuses on detecting geographical patterns in polyandry and morphology in matched pair-populations of the bush-cricket Metrioptera roeselii with different levels of isolation. Gene-flow among populations occurring in continuous areas of the species’ distribution is higher than among isolated populations and we beleive that this has influenced selection on adaptive traits (Cassel-Lundhagen et al. 2011). Data from field-collected specimens indicates that females of populations from the continuous area of distribution differ significantly in size along a latitudinal gradient and that the mating behaviour varies both in relation to size and latitude (Kaňuch et al. 2013). Because separating genetic and environmental effects in field-based data is virtually impossible I have developed methods for laboratory rearing of M. roeselii. The established laboratory populations are currently used in several studies. In our work we have examined if laboratory rearing of first- and second-instar nymphs collected from the field in spring removes enough environmental variance so we can estimate genetic differentiation in adults between populations. Currently I work with comparing body mass and morphology of individuals raised in the lab from the first and second instar stage with individuals collected from the wild in the same year. To examine the robustness of this method (comparing data from field-caught and lab-reared individuals with entirely field-reared individuals and entirely lab-reared individuals) to detect adaptive genetic variation among wild M. roeselii populations, I have also reared eggs from the previous breeding season under controlled laboratory conditions over winter. Eggs have recently successfully hatched and I plan to rear this F1-generation to adulthood and record body mass and morphology as above. This will significantly reduce the environmental variance in growth and development of eggs and nymphs and will hopefully provide an even stronger basis for future studies on genetic divergence in body size among populations.

These projects are in collaboration with Anna Cassel-Lundhagen and Peter Kaňuch and a follow-up based on the equally named study of Cassel-Lundhagen et al. (2011).

 

2) Behavior of the parasitoid Perilitus brevicollis – Do different genotypes of Salix influence the choice of host-beetle (Phratora vulgatissima)?

I have been working in the Stenberg-lab to unravel the influence of the three different genotypes Salix viminalis, Salix dasyclados and Salix cinerea on the behavior of the braconid parasitoid Perilitus brevicollis.

The aim of this project was to determine to what extent the genotype of the plant influences the development and host choice of the parasitoid through their host, the herbivore Phratora vulgatissima. It was reared in a common garden experiment on one of the three different genotypes of Salix and tested via olfactometric analysis. This herbivore acts as a pest organism on Salix and can affect plantations severely, once an outbreak started.

The framing project to this is called “New bodyguards in Salix short rotation coppice: how can the effect of parasitoids be maximized?“, funded by FORMAS. To finance myself, I got a personal grant funded over six months by the EU programme LEONARDO DA VINCI.

 

3) Synergistic effects of temperature and ivermectin stress on survival and performance of yellow dung fly larvae (Scathophaga stercoraria)

In this project I worked as a laboratory assistant of Ane Laugen. It was the M. Sc. project of her student Warren Kunce, whom I helped to plan and perform factorially designed quantitative genetic common garden experiments. I also took care of the laboratory populations of the yellow dung flies (Scathophaga stercoraria).

 

4) Global overview on practice and research on retention forestry (projectpage)

In this project I assisted Lena Gustafsson in organising and hosting a work-shop with the co-authors of the papers "A major shift to the retention approach for forestry can help resolve some global forest sustainability issues" and "Retention Forestry to Maintain Multifunctional Forests: a World Perspective" which were substantially written during the workshop.

 

Background

I received my undergraduate education in Germany at the Leuphana Universität Lüneburg where I studied Environmental Sciences (Diplom Umweltwisenschaften) at a Masters level. In the last year of my studies I was placed at SLU Uppsala in the group of Anna Lundhagen in a scientific internship of 6 months where I developed my thesis-project “Patterns of polyandry in the bush-cricket Metrioptera roeselii along a latitudinal gradient”.

Publikationer

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